Property Panarchy

There are a significant number of anarchists who hold a narrow view of what anarchism is, defining it in such a way to disqualify other anti-state ideologies. Some try to justify this historically – but in this case only mutualists are “true” anarchists. Others say only “movement” anarchism counts, and ideologies don’t. There are many ad hoc excuses for counting out a school of anarchism one scorns.

This is not a new phenomena which started with the internet and social media. In the 19th century Voltairine de Cleyre experienced the same silly squabbles.

“There are, accordingly, several economic schools among Anarchists; there are Anarchist Individualists [anarcho-capitalists], Anarchist Mutualists, Anarchist Communists and Anarchist Socialists. In times past these several schools have bitterly denounced each other and mutually refused to recognize each other as Anarchists at all. The more narrow-minded on both sides still do so; true, they do not consider it narrow-mindedness, but simply a firm and solid grasp of the truth, which does not permit of tolerance towards error. This has been the attitude of the bigot in all ages, and Anarchism no more than any other new doctrine has escaped its bigots. Each of these fanatical adherents of either collectivism or individualism believes that no Anarchism is possible without that particular economic system as its guarantee, and is of course thoroughly justified from his own standpoint.” – Anarchism, Voltairine de Cleyre

Is the constant bickering over who is a true anarchist good or bad for the anarchist cause? At first sight, it might seem bad, with all the wasted energy on the same old troll posts on Facebook or Reddit. “X is not really anarchism. Y requires rulership. Z is unstable unless it has a State to keep people in line.” On the other hand, perhaps these ardent arguments have a motivational purpose, and keep people exited and inspired about anarchism – as inane and tiring as they are to long-time anarchists. A sectarian hatred of anarcho-capitalism inspired the most popular anarcho-socialist FAQ, for example. Maybe the anarcho-socialist versus anarcho-capitalist rivalry increases our market share. Who knows?

The Solution

If sectarianism is a problem, I believe I have somewhat solved it – that is, I have reduced it from a wicked problem to a practically solvable problem. I do this by changing the framing from “In a given territory, which school of anarchism would work best?” to “In a territory with numerous anarchist enclaves, could different anarchisms coexist?” Am I justified in re-framing it this way? Yes, because pluralism and diversity is the default and natural assumption for anarchy. Why would it be otherwise? Why would anyone think otherwise? Because, having lived under statism for so long, it is easy to falsely assume that anarchism will look like a State, that is, a homogeneous territorial monopoly.

Under this mental hallucination, in most discussions online the background environment is assumed to be either

  1. some kind of State of Nature, where there are no agreed norms and everyone is fighting it out, or
  2. everyone is an anarcho-Xist, except a dissenter or two who (it is argued) must be ruled unless they can practice their preferred scheme.

In short, the question of how different anarchist schools might interact is rigged by assuming either a Hobbesian war of all against all, or a state-like territorial monopoly situation.

My suggested alternative is property panarchy. Assume, instead, that different enclaves (communities, neighborhoods, even households) have evolved some resource usage norms – a property system. Note that we assume these diverse norms have come about by local consensus of some sort, whether it be by “democratic” or contractual arrangements. Doesn’t this seem more likely in a stateless society than large territorial monopolies of uniform property systems? Our love for decentralization includes property systems. Even if one or more property systems prove to be more popular than others, and gain market share over others, shouldn’t we still use this pluralist enclave model? I certainly don’t see everyone agreeing on the best property system any time soon!

Types of Property Norms

There are some high level “meta” resource usage rules that anarcho-socialists and anarcho-capitalists alike can agree to. Henceforth, I will refer to resource usage rules as a property system. (My scornful apologies to socialists who have an aversion to the word “property.”)

The purpose of a property norm is to reduce interpersonal conflict in the allocation and use of scarce resources. We have four basic options, or combinations thereof:

  1. No norm: No property rights conventions. This necessarily produces conflict. An adequate norm should have better consequences than this ‘null hypothesis’ condition.
  2. Statist norm: Property rules which favor some group(s) over others, usually rulers over ruled. This may generate interpersonal conflict between exploiters and exploited. This norm is amoral since it fails ethical universality, the categorical imperative.
  3. Collective property: Only certain specified collectives are allowed to own certain resources. Examples: everyone owning all, nationals owning nations, workers owning workshops.
  4. Private property: Everyone, any person or set of people, can acquire rights to specific uses of property.

These are basic types of property, with no claim of completeness. For example, there is nothing about a 7-year jubilee system, where all debts are forgiven every seven years. Nor is there a 50-year lottery system, where land is redistributed by lottery every 50 years. But the four possibilities do cover most known systems, even the times between lotteries for the last example. Needless to say, anarchists reject option B, and generally reject A. Anarcho-socialists favor some sort of C, which anarcho-capitalists favor D.

Anarcho-capitalists think most or all resources should be private property. Anarcho-socialists believe that multiple user capital goods should be collective property. (They would phrase it as “worker owned means of production.”) Socialists disagree among themselves, however, about what the proper owning collective should be. For some, it is the local hands-on workgroup, for others it is the proletarian class, for yet others it is all mankind. The proper collective may depend on the type of resource. E.g. For some anarcho-communists, workgroups should own the capital goods, but “everyone” should own the land and natural resources.

Universal Property Norms

Regardless of whether a particular resource is owned privately or collectively, there are some universal property norms that apply. Everyone from anarcho-communist Kropotkinites to anarcho-capitalist Rothbardians agree with these propositions. These norms apply to all consistent property systems, whether collective, private, or mixed. For example, these apply to anarcho-capitalist sticky property, mutualist possession property, and mixed systems such as geoist (land rent) property, which is essentially sticky property except for collectively owned natural resources.

Universal Property Norms

  1. Homesteading, or original appropriation. For all property systems, if nobody else owns a resource, the first significant user has the highest claim to that resource.
  2. Alienation. We may alienate property by trade, gift, or abandonment.
    1. Trade. An owner of one good may transfer ownership on the condition that he receive title to a different good in a mutually voluntary transaction.
    2. Gift. An owner may transfer ownership of a good to a consenting other.
    3. Abandonment. An owner may relinquish title unilaterally, resulting in an ownerless good open for homesteading.
  3. Exclusion. Owners have a right to exclude others from property.
  4. Reactionary force. Owners have the right to use force, even violent force, to defend property.
  5. Appropriate force. One should use no more force than necessary in defending property.

It is at this point that most past anarcho-capitalist luminaries have gone very wrong, by assuming only neo-Lockean “sticky property” satisfies these universal property norms. I beg to differ. Communist, socialist, mutualist, and geoist property conventions also satisfy these norms. Rothbard, Hoppe, et. al. make a good argument that sticky property is more moral and efficient than other systems, but they do not show that sticky property is the only system satisfying these universal norms. All of the major property systems satisfy these norms.

Though they are loathe to admit it, anarcho-communists do believe in the homesteading principle. Ask your favorite ancom this: “If your collective starts working on some formerly unoccupied and unused land, does the collective have a right to defend that land (and their improvements) from others – such as thieves and invaders who would steal it?” Their honest answer would be “Yes, it is ours, since we worked it.” Just like John Locke! That answer admits both homesteading and the right to exclude. Ask if they may trade it to another workers collective, and they will also say “yes,” consistent with the alienation norm.

Another historical quirk is that many mutualists are reluctant to admit that “possession” is a type of private property. Any set of people may own possession-style property, so long as they maintain possession and use. That makes possession a type of private property by definition.

Note that one way of looking at possession property is as private property with a short abandonment period, since ceasing possession and use constitutes abandonment by possession property rules. Sticky property is, then, private property with a long abandonment period. As property systems, mutualist possession property and anarcho-capitalist sticky property are identical, mod abandonment period. Of course, there are differences between anarcho-capitalism and mutualism which are unrelated to property, but it is noteworthy that, as far as property goes, they are blood-brothers. Or at least kissing cousins.

Kevin Carson aptly summarizes the situation:

None of these alternative sets of rules for property allocation is self-evidently right. No ownership claim can be deduced logically from the principle of self-ownership alone, without the “‘overlay’ of a property system,” or a system of “allocation rules.” No such system, whether Lockean, Georgist, or Mutualist, can be proved correct. Any proof requires a common set of allocation rules, and a particular set of allocation rules for property can only be established by social consensus, not by deduction from the axiom of self-ownership.

What would property panarchy look like?

We might imagine a town with ten neighborhoods, each neighborhood having a different property system. Just as people who speak the same language tend to group, so do people who prefer the same property system. Each neighborhood, or enclave, has known jurisdictional borders, established by past rulings of arbiters, or vote, or as recorded on a trusted blockchain.

Using this enclave model, most of the sectarian horror stories simply cannot happen. There is no “war of all against all” like the Hobbesian “Mad Max” model. There is no dissenter that cannot easily opt out – he has the possibility of moving to an enclave more to his liking. The alleged necessity for a State to keep dissenters in line is absent, since people can easily “vote with their feet.” The statist monopoly bugaboo-in-the-mind is gone, and we can see clearly what diversity implies: property panarchy.

What would a property dispute between people residing under different property systems look like? Since the dispute has a location, the solution is easy – the rules applying to that location are used. If the dispute occurs in a mutualist enclave, mutualist rules apply. Anarchy-ball battles don’t apply. Reason and jurisdiction do.

There is the possibility of a totally non-territorial property panarchy, where property norms are sold in a package with land. This is possible for most property systems, but not all: Geoism would be severely handicapped, especially the variants based on bio-regions or watersheds. Nevertheless, since 1) like-minded people tend to group, 2) there are efficiencies in knowing what rules apply where, and 3) conflict is reduced, I would expect property panarchy to evolve to enclaves larger than households, at least in populated areas.

Hogeye Bill

Which Direction From Here?

Trust me, i would not be doing this if it were not part of my duty.

Preaching to the choir may get some Amens, but no one is seeing the light, don’t already see it.

The sheep are grazing tranquilly while the Butcher sharpens his knives.

Until the hail starts beating them on the head, sheep around them start getting their throats cut, butchered, they will in their self imposed ignorance refuse to see the light.

Accrued to me, there are enough stories on this site, a person could spend years reading, thinking about, and digesting what is here.

How many stories must one post of Israeli/USA/EU/NATO/UK/France/Denmark, Vatican and a host of others, murdering Children in Iraq, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Afghanistan, America?

How many stories must or can one post showing the British Anglo zionist Empire is controlled by a hidden hand?

How many articles showing Washington DC is a bunch of un-honorable baby rapers/murderers, and bribe takers?

How many such articles do the awake have to read, to understand the Evil of the Empire, and all it’s whores?

SO!

i am going to start concentrating on writing articles myself, exposing the evil of the Charlatans who run organized religion for the benefit of the Empire.

Of the “men of god”, who herd the sheep into the darkness for evils sake.

Of Natural Rights, and Natural Law, the answer to America’s, and the worlds salvation from evil Usury bankers who rape and murder children because they are sick pieces of shit.

Still will post in your face Empire did it/Uncle Sugar caught with his pants down in the kiddy park.

i know no one better prepared, to point out the evils of false religious leaders, and evil political whores.

As the ole religious song says, “This World is Not My Home, I’m Just Passing Through.

What they going to do? Kill me?

They can not have my soul, and they can not kill my soul.

This body is old and worn, have lived with sickness and pain, daily, for twenty six years, every since Washington DC used me, and tens of thousands of other GI’s as lab rats, with an experimental shot, and are still lying about doing it.

“Fear not he who can destroy your body, but he who can destroy your soul.

Fuck em!

John C Carleton

Israel’s days are numbered if Jerusalem is recognized as Capitol-AMN

Based on pure bull shit, the occupation of Palestine will end.

For seventy years, the Palestinian people have been raped and murdered by a fanatical self-righteous, hypocritical, brainwashed bunch of inbred evil sons of bitches.

They do not limit their evil bull shit to Palestine.

When the Palestinians get the upper hand, and slaughter the hell out of the sons of bitches been slaughtering them, don’t want to hear any bullshit crying from the pieces of shit who have supported this evil.

What goes around, comes around.

What goes up, must come down.

Karma is a bitch when you are a bitch.

Payback is the law of the Universe.

Sow good, you will reap good.

Sow evil, it will return with a vengeance, and climb right up your ass.

One can only hope the evil of Israel, will soon be a foot note in the history of evils which infected the world for a bit.

John C Carleton

https://mobile.almasdarnews.com/article/israels-days-numbered-jerusalem-recognized-capital/

Break the Children’s Bones: How Israel Torture, Maims and kills Palestinians-Darkmoon

There is a war, a very old war, for the souls of humanity.

Israel, is a British Anglo zionist Empire outpost.

It is there to stir up trouble, start wars, steal wealth, and give the criminal Usury banker, a safe heaven they can not be extradited from.

The buck toothed, inbred religious fanatics are being used for the furthering of Israels masters plans.

The Buck toothed religious fanatics, are considered dirt beneath the feet of the top shelve zionist, and will be thrown under the bus when it is advantageous, just as their ancestors were thrown to the dogs to force them to move to Palestine.

People, who do what they do to other people, deserve no mercy, when their turn comes.

John C Carleton

Break the Children’s Bones: How Israel Tortures, Maims and Kills Palestinians

Since Feeding the Homeless Is Now Illegal…

Feeding and clothing the homeless in the land of the free has now become a revolutionary act. Luckily, however, there are still good people willing to carry out that act.

In December 2014, the Dallas city council enacted Ordinance No. 29595, which makes it illegal to serve food to the homeless without jumping through a statist myriad of bureaucratic hoops, including a fee, training classes, and written notices.

One should not need to file multiple forms and pay a fee to obtain a permit to give food to those in need who are willingly ready to accept it. The folks at Don’t Comply know this.

Matthew Short, with the aptly named organization, Don’t Comply, and dozens of volunteers from children to adults alike took to the streets of Dallas this week to hand out food, sleeping bags, clothing, and tents to the area’s less fortunate.

As TFTP has reported on numerous occasions, often times, police will swoop in and shut down those who would dare defy the authority of the state and conduct charity without a permit. However, most organizations aren’t like Don’t Comply.

As they took to the streets this week, many of the members of the organization open carried their weapons. This was done—not out of an act of intimidation—but merely to assert rights as well as protect them.

The resultant heavily armed group of do-gooders effectively staved off any attempts by police to shut down the charitable efforts.

In talking with TFTP, Short tells us that although police drove by fairly often, they never stopped and never attempted to intervene.

Success.

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Putin Has His George Washington Moment

Putin has had his George Washington moment.

On his death bed, old and sick, he will curse that day, for his personal failure.

He will see the damage he did, to Russia, to the whole world, in that one second, when he let timidness better his desire to put things right.

He will curse his decision, Knowing as his earthly body dies, that he screwed up badly, and it is beyond his ability to fix, or pay for his mistake, in this life.

On his deathbed, he would willingly trade all the days from then to present, all the women, all the money, all the power, for Chance to go back and fix that one mistake, even if he had died doing his duty.

But it will be too late.

Putin, if the English language stories are true, (wish i spoke and read Russian, don’t, don’t have the time to learn),Putin, when he announced his draw down of Russian Troops in Stria, said these troops could go home as they had achieved victory over ISIS in Syria.

That is a lie.

Not sure if it is just a lie, or a damned lie.

ISIS is alive and well IN Syria AND on her borders.
Continue reading

What Happens After the Next 9/11

Is a police state in the US possible? Absolutely.

That’s because people are essentially the same the world over, regardless of their culture, religion, race, or what-have-you. A certain percentage of them are sociopaths.

There is a standard distribution of sociopaths across time and space. It’s a function of Pareto’s Law, better known as the 80-20 rule. 20% of the people do 80% of the work. Another 20% are responsible for 80% of the crime. 20% of the population always winds up with 80% of the wealth. And so forth, through all areas of human endeavor. This observation can be represented by a bell-shaped curve—a “standard distribution”—with a small minority at each extreme, but the large majority in the middle. The people who will take us to a police state are sociopaths—criminal personalities who don’t respect the liberty or property of others. And sociopaths gravitate towards government, and eventually come to control it.

My view is that 80% of human beings are basically decent, get along, go along types. 20% are what you might call potential trouble sources, that can go either way. But then you take 20% of that 20% and you’re dealing with the sociopaths.

When social conditions reach a certain stage these really bad guys come out from under their rocks and take advantage of the situation. We’re seeing that right now in the US, across the political spectrum. Just as we’ve seen in the past in hundreds of places throughout history.

A major tipping point occurred sixteen years ago, on September 11, 2001, with the attacks in New York and Washington. They were disastrous. But not nearly as disastrous as the government’s reaction to them.

Among them the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. Anybody that speaks German knows that a reasonable translation of Homeland Security is Geheime Staatspolizei, which is usually abbreviated to Gestapo. Anybody that goes through airline security these days should ask themselves, “Where the hell did they find these people? Didn’t they have jobs before they went to work for this moronic agency?” The answer is that there are people out there who like wearing costumes, are willing to boss, herd, interrogate, and go through the dirty laundry of their fellow citizens. They take their jobs seriously and you better not even look at them sideways. There’s no reason to believe it’s going to get better as they groove into their jobs, and their employer cements itself into place. More likely the trend will accelerate.

Is America currently a police state? Well, let’s see. You can still get in your car and go anywhere, although you might be stopped by the police and you might be detained if your papers aren’t in order. Or the officer thinks you’re not properly respectful. Or you have “too much” cash.

Was there any particular day that Germany became a police state in the 1930s? I’m not sure you can put your finger on any one particular day, even after Hitler was legally and democratically elected. It was a progression, with new laws, new regulations, new taxes every day. While more fear and hysteria were worked up among the populace. Kristallnacht didn’t occur the day after the National Socialists took power.

It’s a case of the frog being put in a kettle of water where the temperature is gradually raised to a boil. That’s what’s occurring in the US. After 9/11, in addition to Homeland Security, we got the Patriot Act, with, among other things, its suspension of habeas corpus. That means that the government can lock anybody up for any reason and not even have to tell them why. Accuse them of being an “enemy combatant”—a neologism that justifies anything, and is robotically and thoughtlessly accepted by Boobus Americanus—and anything is possible. Including a trip to a CIA black site in some Third World hellhole. This is something I thought was settled in Western Civilization with the Magna Carta and King John. But we’re going backwards in most areas of personal freedom. And America, of all places, is leading the way—even while falling behind economically.

I don’t know if I can put my finger on exactly when we’re going to go over the edge, but if I was going to guess I would think the real catalyst is going to be the next 9/11-type event. And I don’t doubt it’s going to happen.

How are we any different than the Germans in the 1930s? This was one of the most civilized, best educated countries in Europe and they fell into the abyss. I suppose we’re a bit different. Americans are addicted to welfare, anti-depressant drugs, food, and electronic devices. That should certainly give us a better outcome…

There’s a joke I like to tell. Let me ask you this: Which is the gravest danger? Is it the ignorance, or is it the apathy of the average American today? Stumped? Here’s the answer: I don’t know and I don’t care.

Doug Casey