If I had foreseen the use those people designed to make of their victory, there would have been no surrender at Appomattox Courthouse. No sir, not by me. Had I foreseen these results of subjugation, I would have preferred to die at Appomattox with my brave men, my sword in this right hand.
– General Robert E. Lee
According to the 1860 US Census, 4.8 percent of Southerners owned slaves. 95.2 percent did not.
Unofficially, an estimated 300,000 Southern black men armed themselves, enlisted, and served heroically for the Confederacy. This number is even more impressive when we consider that Southern blacks were exempt from the Confederate draft.
When raw percentages are taken into account, far more blacks fought for the Confederacy than the Union. The Union possessed about 3 million soldiers. Of these about 200,000 were black, 6 percent of the total. The Confederacy had about 1 million soldiers. Of these an estimated 300,000 were black. 30 percent of the total – 24 percent more than fought for the North.
The first Northerner killed in the war, Major Theodore Winthrop of the 7th Regiment, New York State Militia, was brought down by a black Confederate sharpshooter at the Battle of Bethel Church, June 10, 1861.
The Price of Freedom: Slavery and Civil War
Martin Harry Greenberg, Charles G Waugh
[Part 1 can be found here.]